Helmet International Safety Standard and Certification. A helmet works as a barrier between you and any physical danger to your head, whether you ride on the road or off. You’ve probably heard of DOT certification or ECE, SHARP, or SNELL-approved headgear at the time of shopping for helmets. But do you know what these terms signify or what function they serve?
If not, allow us to walk you through the fundamentals of motorcycle helmet safety ratings.
Motorcycle safety ratings are quite important
The goal of rating a product is to guarantee that it complies with the basic specifications set forth during the manufacturing process. Helmets must also meet the highest degree of safety criteria as protective gear.
Every piece of headgear made differently and has a varied design depending on the parameters. Furthermore, not all helmets created equal. A helmet designed for everyday use cannot be used on a race track. Helmets come with safety rating badges to ensure that each one supplied on the market is roadworthy and capable of providing adequate protection.
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The safety ratings vary by country, and each helmet must pass at least one certification in most circumstances. Before receiving a safety rating, these helmets must pass a series of tests and undergo varying levels of impact testing.
Continue reading to learn more about these qualifications, who issues them, and how they might benefit passengers.
There are a variety of helmet safety rating standards.
Different certification authorities give their opinion on helmet safety and road worthiness depending on where they are from. Let’s look at the greatest motorcycle helmet safety ratings and how they determined.
Department of Transportation (DOT) for Helmet International Safety Standard and Certification
Are you interested in learning more about DOT-certified helmets?
The US Department of Transportation has a standard called DOT. The Department of Transportation is a federal agency that not actively involved in the testing process. Rather, helmet makers must follow the DOT’s requirements while creating their goods.
The Department of Transportation has requirements for piercing resistance, impact resistance, range of vision, and many other factors. If the helmet the DOT-certified helmets in the United States, headgear must meet the following severe requirements :
Crash test : DOT-certified motorcycle helmets put through two crash tests to determine the severity of an impact.
Penetration test : A penetration test with sharp items perform to verify the helmet’s shell’s robustness.
Height test : A height test is used by manufacturers to determine the impact on a helmet when it is dropped from a specific elevation and surface. A helmet drop from a height of 1.83 metres onto two separate surfaces, generating a G-force of 400G on impact. The impact of such a fall then measure using scientific instruments.
Test of the retention system : The helmet strap examine to see how well it performs under stress. The test begins with a 22.7 kg loading weight applied for 30 seconds. The weight then increase to 136 kg, and the exercise perform for 120 seconds.
Federal Standard FMVSS 218 is the DOT‘s safety standard, and it’s plainly visible on the helmet. These standards, however, frequently criticize because they are based on an honor system in which manufacturers certify helmets in their own laboratories.
Manufacturers who evade fines by producing and distributing helmets that do not comply with the criteria, on the other hand, may face a substantial fee.
Snell Memorial Foundation (SNELL) for Helmet International Safety Standard and Certification
Snell Memorial Foundation is a private, non-profit organization that works to promote helmet safety. It founded in 1957. It also establishes safety guidelines for karting, harness racing, equestrian, auto racing, and other helmet-related activities. Motorcycle helmets approved by Snell are quite popular today.
Manufacturers can evaluate Snell for prototype testing because it exceeds government-set criteria. Manufacturers who want their helmets as Snell-certified. For the reason must submit sample helmets according to the foundation’s established guidelines.
Snell will mark the sample helmet suitably if it passes the test. It consider as the gold standard of helmet safety for decades. Snell has a number of safety standard regulations that it keeps up to date and awards certificates every five years. The current Snell-certified motorcycle helmet safety standard is M2020.
M2020D and M2020R are the two impact test choices. The D in M2020D stands for Department of Transportation. Regulation 22 is abbreviate as R in the M2020R. Snell is creating yardsticks for countries all around the world by combining these two standards.
M2020D : M2020D is a follow-up to M2015’s Snell safety requirements. It also includes the following safety checks :
- Flat anvil : The first hit measure at 7.75 meters per second, and then other impacts and heights calculate according to the head form.
- Edge anvil : It involves a single 7.75 m/sec impact.
- Hemispherical anvil : The Hemispherical anvil test is comparable to the Flat anvil test. In each of these circumstances, however, the recorded shock must not exceed the G level threshold.
M2020R : M2020R covers the following safety checks.
- Flat anvil : Single impact at 8.2 meters per second on a flat anvil.
- Hemispheric anvil : First impact at 7.70 meters per second, as well as those listed on the test head form.
- Edge anvil : Single impact at 7.75 meters per second with an edge anvil.
The measured shock must not exceed the G level, and the HIC must be less than 2880 in all of these tests.
Snell-approved motorcycle helmets follow racetrack-inspired safety requirements, with multiple checks to assure stability and simplicity of removal in the event of an emergency.
Snell experts, for example, inspect the helmet’s weakest parts, such as the visor snap and mechanical hinge. They do not approve it unless satisfaction with its energy management efficiency.
SHARP (Safety Helmet Assessment and Rating Program) is a programme that assesses and rates safety helmets
Safety Helmet Assessment and Rating Program, a fresh face in the safety game, is the only organization that goes beyond pass/fail. It assigns a star rating to helmets based on impact point and energy level tests. The effect levels and energy management efficiency refer to in each grading.
Instead, it serves as an ECE 22.05 impact rating enhancement (European standards for safety and applicable in more than 50 countries in Europe). As a result, if you see a SHARP helmet, you can be sure it has already passed the ECE regulations. The procedures used by SHARP to test helmets are identical to those used by ECE 22.05, with the addition of a higher and lower strike velocity. SHARP also develops a color-coding safety rating for different helmet sections using European Crash data.
SHARP helmets rate on a scale of one to five.
In this case, a 5-star SHARP helmet indicates the highest level of safety and protection. SHARP also does a detailed impact and post-impact test to pinpoint the weak areas.
Economic Commission of Europe (ECE) for Helmet International Safety Standard and Certification
ECE-approved helmets have undergone extensive testing and deem to be in compliance with the most recent and sophisticated regulations. ECE uses a rigorous process that includes DOT and Snell safety-related measures, as well as a few other testing procedures. Experts, for example, examine the quality of a face shield, the rigidity of the shell, and other factors. Furthermore, before release on the market, these ECE-rated helmets evaluate in separate labs.
Helmets that are ECE certified must pass the following tests:
The impact test perform with a smooth anvil (also known as a curbstone) and a single stroke on a specific area of the helmet.
Resistance to abrasion : The resistance to abrasion is tested.
Chinstrap test : The chinstrap examine for any signs of slipping. The material also test for tension failure at a load of approximately 304kg.
Deformation test : A deformation test perform under a weight of almost 68kg to see how much force/energy a helmet can endure without deforming. Headgear manufacturers must present 50 factory versions of helmets for independent testing in order to receive an ECE helmet certification.
Stands for the Indian Standards Institute (ISI)
ISI certified helmets (IS: 4151) were first released and implemented in India in 1993. This safety testing processes design to comply with ECE regulations. Although ISI’s procedures are comparable to those used by ECE-certified helmets, it does not include helmet testing (by BIS) as does the latter.
ISI testing comprises spot checks to ensure that helmet manufacturers follow the rules and are eligible for the ISI mark licensing, which is renewable. Choosing the correct helmet necessitates a lot of thought, and one of them is undoubtedly motorbike safety ratings. Fit, finish, design, convenience of use, weight, and visibility are all important considerations.
Because the helmet certification and ratings we examine develop in different countries according to different regulatory criteria, they all have benefits and cons. With this comprehensive guide, making an informed selection while purchasing your next headgear will no longer be a problem. When purchasing your next head wear, keep the greatest motorcycle helmet safety rating in mind, and ride safely!