Albert Einstein was a German mathematician and physicist. He is the most influential scientists of the World. He won the Nobel Prize in 1921 for his explanation of the photoelectric effect. His invention was theory of relativity [ E=MC2 ] had a major impact on the development of atomic energy. Its change the World history of science. Now explain the Childhood of Albert Einstein.
Einstein was born on March 14, 1879, in Ulm, Württemberg, Germany. He grew up in a secular Jewish family. Father’s Name was Hermann Einstein who was an engineer and a salesman. And Mother’s name was Pauline Einstein who was an artist and very good piano player. His father and his (Albert Einstein) uncle Jakob Einstein founded Elektrotechnische Fabrik J. Einstein & Cie, a manufactured electrical equipment based company on direct current (DC) at Munich. He has a sister name Maria (called MAJA) on18 November, 1881
[ आइंस्टीन का जन्म 14 मार्च, 1879 को उल्म, वुर्टेमबर्ग, जर्मनी में हुआ था। वह एक धर्मनिरपेक्ष यहूदी परिवार में बड़ा हुआ। पिता का नाम हरमन आइंस्टीन था जो एक इंजीनियर और एक सेल्समैन था। और मदर का नाम पॉलीन आइंस्टीन था जो एक कलाकार और बहुत अच्छा पियानो वादक था। उनके पिता और उनके (अल्बर्ट आइंस्टीन) चाचा जैकब आइंस्टीन ने म्यूनिख में डायरेक्ट करंट (डीसी) पर निर्मित बिजली के उपकरण पर आधारित कंपनी, इलेक्ट्राकिनेश फेब्रिक जे। आइंस्टीन एंड सी की स्थापना की। 18 नवंबर, 1881 को उनकी एक बहन का नाम मारिया (MAJA) है ]
How straggle Albert Einstein in his childhood
Albert began to learn piano at the age of five. The Einsteins family were non-observant Ashkenazi Jews. Albert was admission a Catholic elementary school in Munich at the age of 5. He studied there for three years, at the age of 8. Albert was transferred to the Luitpold Gymnasium (now known as the Albert Einstein Gymnasium). In the Luitpold Gymnasium he received advanced primary and secondary school education for seven years. In that time Munich town started more efficient electricity Alternative Current (AC). His father’s company lost capital to convert their equipment from the direct current (DC) standard to AC standard.
The loss forced the sale of the Munich factory. In search of business, the Einstein family moved to Italy, first to Milan and a few months later to Pavia. When the family moved to Pavia, Einstein, then 15, stayed in Munich to finish his studies at the Luitpold Gymnasium. His father intended for him to pursue electrical engineering. Einstein clashed with authorities and resented the school’s regimen and teaching method. He later wrote that the spirit of learning and creative thought was lost in strict rote learning. At the end of December 1894, he traveled to Italy to join his family in Pavia. To let him go by using a doctor’s note. During his time in Italy he wrote a short essay. The essay title “On the Investigation of the State of the Ether in a Magnetic Field”.
Einstein has always mastered mathematics and physics from an early age, becoming more advanced in mathematics than his peers. One summer Twelve-year-old Einstein taught himself algebra and Euclidean geometry. Einstein also discovered his own original evidence of the Pythagorean epithet when he was 12 years old. His family tutor Max Talmud said” I gave him a geometry book, very soon he completed whole book. After complete the book he started higher mathematics I could not followed his flight as genius of mathematics.”
His passion for geometry and algebra led the twelve-year-old. He convinced that nature could be understood as a “mathematical structure”. Einstein started teaching himself calculus at 12, and as a 14-year-old he says he had “mastered integral and differential calculus. He had become more seriously interested in philosophy and music at the age of only thirteen. He introduced “The Critique of Pure Reason” is a book by the German philosopher Immanuel Kant. Kent seeks to determine the limits and scope of metaphysics. Then Immanuel Kant became his favorite philosopher. His tutor said: “At the time he was still a child, only thirteen years old. Kant’s compositions was very easy to him. Kent’s book was very hard for ordinary humans.
Einstein took the entrance examinations for the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zürich In 1895, at the age of 16. He failed to reach the required standard in the general part of the examination. Einstein achieved exceptional grades in physics and mathematics. To notice his grade in physics and mathematics, the principle of Swiss Federal Polytechnic School. The principle advised him to attend the Argovian cantonal school (gymnasium) in Aarau, Switzerland to complete secondary education. At the time he lodging with the family of Professor Jost Winteler. He fell in love with Winteler’s daughter marie. But love could not reach to marriage.
Albert’s sister Maja(Maria) later married Winteler’s son Paul. Faced with military duty when he turned of age. Einstein allegedly withdrew from classes. He used a doctor’s note to excuse himself and claim nervous exhaustion. With their son rejoining them in Italy, his parents understood Einstein’s perspective. They were concerned about his future prospects as a school dropout and draft dodger.